So first of all, let's see what 1st house/Ascendant and 8th house represent -
1st house/Ascendant is your self, physique, personality, overall health, life path and head in human body etc.
8th house is house of secrecy, occult knowledge, longevity, transformation, death and re-birth, In laws family, joint wealth with spouse etc.
Now, what does it mean to have 1st house lord in 8th house?
It means the planet which rules/controls/owns the 1st house/Ascendant of your horoscope is sitting in the 8th house of horoscope.
Now, what is the impact of having 1st house lord in 8th house?
Its generic interpretation is that person's focus through-out life is on matters related with Occult, Mysteries, Sudden Events, Darker Side of Life etc. It looks grim prima-facie but this also shows someone who is helping others in such situations. 8th house also relates serving other people needs, it is also seen for inheritance and things that are underground, like oil, gas and gems etc. So, entire life focus will be around hidden things and sudden events.
Results may also be different due to aspect, conjunctions of other planets or the planet being Retrograde or Combust. Moreover, now we also need to check the strength of 8th house lord as 1st house lord is going in 8th house. So again, Overall Chart Reading is important.
So, let's see how different planets will behave differently as Ascendant Lord in 8th house. A common theme will be person is highly interested in occult.
Sun - Suppose it is a Leo Ascendant chart and Sun sits in the 8th house in the sign of Pisces. This position can make a person working for government in Secret Services. It shows someone who has to deal with transformation of his ego and self-esteem every now and then. It shows someone's father in Occult Field or went through many transformation. But as Sun is in friendly sign of Pisces, person will be able to come out of every traumatic situation. Certainly, person and his Career is going into Occult Field and native is very spiritual too.
Moon - So it is Cancer Ascendant Chart and Moon rules the 1st house and sits in 8th house in Aquarius. This shows a native whose mind is scientifically driven and working for lots of Scientific and Technological researches. But as Moon is a gentle planet, in the 8th house and in the sign of Saturn, it shows that person's life and mind went through traumatic life trans-formative situations. Mind is always afraid of what coming next as a sudden event.
Mars - Mars can be Ascendant ruler through its two signs. So, let's take both one after the other.
Aries Ascendant - So if it is Aries Ascendant, Mars rules 1st & 8th house and sits in 8th house in Scorpio sign. Clearly a person who has lots of courage to deal with transformation, chaotic and sudden events of life. This person will put lots of effort in knowing the occult side of life. As Mars also represents Surgical Tools and 8th house is house of Surgeries, it certainly shows someone who is a surgeon. Overall, a highly courageous and sometimes an audacious person.
Scorpio Ascendant - Now if it is Scorpio Ascendant, Mars rules 1st & 6th house and sits in 8th house in Gemini sign. As Gemini is sign of communications and collection of information, here Mars energy exerts in communicating people about the secrets of life. Here, the person may become someone who teaches or conveys information about occult. It can be someone who teaches about surgeries. But the great interest in occult and secrets will remain. Life will be revolving around sudden and chaotic events.
Mercury - Mercury also can be Ascendant ruler through its two signs. So, let's take both one after the other.
Gemini Ascendant - If it is Gemini Ascendant, Mercury rules 1st & 4th houses and sits in 8th house in Capricorn. Now, the occult side of this position really comes on to fore as Mercury is Karaka of Astrology and 8th house is house of Occult. These people can be seen as master occultist. Teachers of Astrology or any other occult science. They love collecting information on occult subjects. As Capricorn is sign of Government, they might even be teaching occult subjects in some Government College.
Virgo Ascendant - If it is Virgo Ascendant, then Mercury rules 1st & 10th house and sits in 8th house in Aries. Here, Mercury takes the shape of Healer as Virgo is sign of Healing. As Aries is ruled by Mars which represents Surgeon, these people have good skills in surgery. It also shows someone who is counselling people going through traumatic events in life. It also represents someone who loves to collect Secret Information.
Venus - Venus also can be Ascendant ruler through its two signs. So, let's take both one after the other.
Taurus Ascendant - If it is a Taurus Ascendant, Venus rules 1st & 6th house and sits in 8th house in Sagittarius sign. Here, Venus shows a great love towards hidden philosophy of occult. As Sagittarius is the main sign seen for teachers/professors, it shows someone who loves to teach people about occult. At the same time, it also shows that person has some secret love affair going about which none knows much.
Libra Ascendant - If it is Libra Ascendant, Venus rules 1st & 8th house and sits in 8th house in Taurus. Now, Venus will be in own sign. So, this position not only shows love towards occult, person successfully going through transformations in life but this position will also give immense benefits from in-laws. Specially for a man, wife will bring lots of wealth and luck in marriage.
Jupiter - Jupiter also can be Ascendant ruler through its two signs. So, let's take both one after the other.
Sagittarius Ascendant - If it is Sagittarius Ascendant, Jupiter rules 1st & 4th house and sits in 8th house in Cancer Sign and it is exalted there. Extremely good position to reap benefits from Occult, Secrets. Person will be benefited a lot after marriage. Person can be teacher/counselor in occult field. Now, here is the difference. It is not that this person is not going to see any sudden events in life, he will also see but every sudden event is going to leave him with a great benefits. Extreme benefits through inheritance.
Pisces Ascendant - If it is Pisces Ascendant, Jupiter rules 1st & 10th house and sits in 8th house in Libra. Libra is relations, Jupiter is guide and 8th house is sudden events. So, this position can show someone who is guiding people who are going through traumatic events in relationships. It certainly shows a relationship counselor. Besides this, other results of Jupiter as a teacher and a benefic planet will remain as is.
Saturn - Saturn also can be Ascendant ruler through its two signs.
If it is Capricorn Ascendant, then Saturn rules 1st & 2nd house both and sits in 8th house in Leo. It shows someone who is working for law and administration agencies and helping the government either to keep secrets or to get secrets of another country. But as Saturn is about worry and tension, it shows whole life focus is going into dealing with worrisome sudden events but it actually makes them very strong. Long life is guaranteed.
If Saturn is Ascendant through Aquarius Sign, then it rules Ascendant & 12th house and sits in Virgo sign in 8th house. Similar pattern will be followed for this position too but additionally person will be interested in healing people in traumatic circumstances. As Saturn is about Service and Virgo is about healing, you can see people who are working as hospital staff and serving people.
Rahu - If Rahu is Ascendant Lord through its sign Aquarius, as it co-rules Aquarius along with Saturn, and sits in 8th house in Virgo then 1st of all we need to make sure of Saturn's position as it is the main ruler. Rahu in Virgo in 8th house again shows someone dealing with healing services. This position also gives some sudden events in life which break illusions. It also provides psychic abilities to people where they can contact souls from other dimensions.
Ketu - Likewise, If Ketu is Ascendant Lord through its sign Scorpio, as it co-rules Scorpio along with Mars, and sits in 8th house in Gemini then 1st of all we need to make sure of Mars' position as it is the main ruler. This position makes a person highly intuitive. They can envision future events. These people escape unhurt from the biggest of sudden events and accidents. They have a really long life. They have ability to easily understand all the occult stuff. It is one of Moksha position of Ketu. These people get Moksha.
Hope this covers maximum points and is helpful.
Vishal S Saxena - Astrologer.
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