This is one minute concept of Astrology that is necessary to understand future posts on Yogas.
So, apart from being a natural benefic (Jupiter, Waxing Moon and Venus) and a natural malefic (Saturn, Mars, Rahu and Ketu), a planet can work like a functional benefic or functional malefic for a particular ascendant. Confused? Let me make simpler.
Functional Benefic - For any Ascendant, Lords of Trikona (Trine) houses are called Functional Benefic planets. Like for Leo Ascendant, Trikona Houses (Houses # 1, 5 and 9) will have Leo, Sagittarius and Aries sign respectively. Leo is ruled by Sun, Sagittarius is ruled by Jupiter and Aries is ruled by Mars. So, for Leo Ascendant, Sun, Jupiter and Mars become Functional Benefic planets. Regardless of the fact the Mars is a natural malefic planet, for Leo Ascendant it will work as a Functional Benefic Planet.
Now, if Lords of Kendra Houses (Houses # 1, 4, 7 and 10) are friendly with the Ascendant Lord, then that planet will also become a functional benefic planet. Like for Aries Ascendant, Trikona House Lords are Mars, Sun and Jupiter but Lord of 4th house (Kendra House) is Moon (Cancer Sign) and Moon is friendly with Mars (Aries Ascendant Lord) then Moon will also get included among Functional Benefic planets, i.e. Mars, Sun and Jupiter.
Functional Malefic - Now, please go back to the post in which I described Mool-Trikona Signs for each planet (http://astrosaxena.com/mooltrikona). Whenever, a planet's Mool Trikona sign is placed in 6th, 8th or 12th house (Dushthana Houses) it becomes a Functional Malefic planets. Like, for Cancer Ascendant, Sagittarius becomes the 6th house. Sagittarius is Mool-Trikona Sign of Jupiter. So, although Jupiter is Natural Benefic planet but for Cancer Ascendant, it will work as Functional Malefic planet.
Impact - Now, the important part. How they work? So, a Functional Malefic planet will give some sort of negative result only when it is in tight conjunction with a Functional Benefic planet for that particular ascendant. If it is sitting alone or in conjunction with another natural benefic/malefic or another functional malefic then the results will be as per that particular conjunction (based on differences in degrees, sign placement and house placement). Another rule is that if a functional malefic planet also rules a Kendra House, then that malefic nature is neutralised and planet's malefic results are reduced up to 80%. Like, for Scorpio Ascendant, Aries (Mool-Trikona Sign of Mars) is placed in 6th house and Libra (Mool-Trikona Sign of Venus) is placed in 12th house, hence making these two planets Functional Malefic for Scorpions but same two planets also rule the Ascendant (Scorpio ruled by Mars) and 7th house (Taurus ruled by Venus), both Kendra Houses. So, the functional malefic nature of both Mars and Venus gets reduced to a great deal for Scorpions.
Rahu and Ketu will always work as natural malefics only.
Below is the list of all Functional Malefic and Functional Benefic Planets for all the Ascendants.
Functional Benefic Planets for all the Ascendants.
Aries- Moon, Mars, Sun, Jupiter.
Taurus- Mercury, Venus, Saturn.
Gemini- Saturn, Mercury, Venus.
Cancer- Mars, Moon.
Leo- Jupiter, Sun, Mars.
Virgo- Mercury, Venus.
Libra- Venus, Saturn.
Scorpio- Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Moon.
Sagittarius- Sun, Jupiter, Mars, Mercury.
Capricorn- Venus, Saturn, Mercury.
Aquarius- Saturn, Venus.
Pisces- Jupiter, Moon, Mars.
Functional Malefic Planets for all the Ascendants.
Aries- Rahu, Ketu, Mercury.
Taurus- Rahu, Ketu, Jupiter.
Gemini- Rahu and Ketu
Cancer- Rahu, Ketu, Jupiter, Saturn
Leo- Rahu, Ketu, Moon.
Virgo- Rahu, Ketu, Sun, Mars, Saturn.
Libra- Rahu, Ketu, Mercury.
Scorpio- Rahu, Ketu, Venus.
Sagittarius- Rahu, Ketu, Moon.
Capricorn- Rahu, Ketu, Sun, Jupiter.
Aquarius- Rahu, Ketu, Moon, Mercury.
Pisces- Rahu, Ketu, Sun, Saturn, Venus.
Vishal S Saxena – Astrologer
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